A PHOTO FROM ARCHIVE
The idea to set up the “Territory of Terror” Memorial Museum of Totalitarian Regimes appeared as a result of the comprehension of complex historical legacy that we, as contemporaries, received after the Second World War and the collapse of the totalitarian Soviet Union.
In the XXth century Lviv was always in the center of military and political events. The city repeatedly passed from the hands of one power into the hands of another, the borders were changed, the states disappeared. Totalitarian regimes have left an open wound in the history of the city. Prison "Brygidky", Prison "on Lontskoho Street", Zamarstynivska Prison, the Lviv Ghetto, Transit Prison # 25 - the places where thousands of people have been killed. But still they continue to perform the function of sinister prisons or premises, adjusted for educational institutions, hospitals and entertainment facilities.
"Territory of Terror" Museum is created in the territory of the former "Transit Prison #25" and the "Lviv Ghetto."
Our mission is to work, preserve and transmit experience about totalitarian past; to explain the mechanisms of totalitarian ideologies in order to benefit the development of historical consciousness of society.
The Lviv Ghetto was one of the largest within the Nazi occupied territory. It was organized in November 1941 in the northern section of Lviv. The ghetto existed until June 1943. The ghetto was comprised of the Zamarstyniv and Klepariv districts of the city. From the south, it was protected by a railway mound, from the east by Zamarstynivska Street, from the west by Varshavska Street, and from the north by Poltva River. The majority of Lviv’s Jews or Jewish refugees from neighboring Poland were kept in this ghetto. They settled in the houses from which previous dwellers were evicted. Some Jewish families settled in barracks of the former block for socially unprotected strata in Lviv which was called “Lokyetky”.
During the two years of the Nazi occupation, over 250 thousand people, Jews in particular, were killed in the Lviv ghetto and Yaniv concentration camp.
Transit Prison #25 was built in 1944. According to approximate estimates, during 10 years of “transit” over 500,000 prisoners were deported from Galicia, Volyn, and sometimes Carpatho-Ukraine and Bukovyna. The majority of the prisoners were related to the national liberation movement as well as prisoners of war.
Our priorities are to research the history of political, social, ethnic and religious repressions of totalitarian regimes against people who lived within the territory of Ukraine in the XX century.The Museum conducts systematic work on the study, research, and preservation of historical documents. On the basis of collected materials in authentic and creative way, we create a non-fiction materials, including documentaries, exhibitions and informational leaflets.
We invite to cooperation historians, scientists, public figures and anyone who wishes to contribute to the improvement of the Museum and is ready to offer help and interesting ideas.