‘The announcement of Ukraine’s independence in Lviv was a really ceremonial event. The metropolitan probably composed an epistle… How interesting all that was… We were glued to radios. We resumed that it was necessary to proclaim Ukraine’s independence in every place. So, I wasn’t present at Khodoriv when they proclaimed it. They did it in church or in reading hall, perhaps. But we had a liturgy at our church at that moment. After the liturgy we gathered near the church and spoke (we called it ‘miting’, using Russian language). I had to deliver a speech. But there was a man from ‘Prosvita’. He came because someone knew that we had informed that we were planning to proclaim Ukraine’s independence in Zahirochko. ‘Just don’t speak too much. Take care, because Germans are against the independence. It’s better to say that we seek it and not to tell that we have already got it ’, he told me. Interviewer: ‘And what you actually said at that time?’ – I had to speak warily. I told that there were Ukraine and willpower, and our leaders proclaimed… But they had been arrested. I couldn’t tell that, because it would have been an acknowledgement that we have nothing to proclaim. But in fact he (Bandera- edit.) had been already arrested.
Bohdan Nud (1910-2012)
He was born on March 19, 1910, in the village of Lahodiv in Lviv province (now Peremyshlyany district of Lviv region). At first, Bohdan attended public school near the village of Hoshiv, then – ‘Native School’ (‘Ridna Shkola’) gymnasium in the town of Dolyna (now Ivano-Frankivsk region). Polish authorities closed the school, and after that he continued his studies in Polish gymnasium in the town of Stryi (now Lviv region). Later on he attended Ukrainian school in Peremyshl (now Podkarpackie province, Poland). Due to the instructions of the authorities of that time to study at place of residence, Bohdan was forced to return to Polish gymnasium. In 1929-1935 he studied at Ukrainian Greek Catholic seminary, while Josyf Slipyj was its rector. He married Sofiya Sharanevych soon, and a year after graduating from the seminary he was ordained to the ministry. He started his pastoral ministry in a village Tukhlya, later continued it in a village Vovkiv near Lviv. In 1937 he got a parish in a village Zahirochko in Lviv region, where he stayed till 1999. He was titled as an honorable pastor in Zahirochko. In the spring of 1945 Bohdan joined Havryyil Kostelnyk’s spearhead of reunion with Russian Orthodox Church (ROC). After Lviv pseudo council he nominally joined ROC. However, in fact, he still was a Greek Catholic. He was the oldest hierarch of Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. Bohdan died on February 14, 2012, in Lviv.
Announcement of Declaration of Ukrainian Independence, 1941
How Greek Catholic priest were agitated to join ROC, 1945
So Kostelnyk gave us those brochures. Deans had to prepare as to join ROC voluntarily and consciously. They tried to open our eyes and make us realize that Moscow is really good, that we don’t need Greek Catholic Church. That we would feel like in paradise, because USSR is heaven on Earth, we would feel great. And deans had to read us that. The previous dean escaped abroad, and the new one said: ‘All right, I will carry it out’… And the dean called us. And it seems to me that I called everyone. So, the dean read, read and read. ‘Something is knocking over there’, he said. And he went out. And there was a very old priest, who represented a village Stankivtsi (you had to pass Pidnistryany to get to it). The old priest stood alone. He was firm. He was a Western Ukrainian Russophile. He was sent here to help us a little bit with speaking. The dean looked at him and asked: ‘Why did you come?’ – ‘Well, they took me and brought me here’. – ‘So, go home’. The dean let him go home. So he wasn’t present at the conference’.
Ukrainian Greek Catholic Metropolitan Josyf Slipyj discharged, 1963
Another Pope came. I don’t know his name. And he was caring that out. They were trying hard to make Soviet authorities to discharge our high priest Josyf Slipyj. Really, it wasn’t only the Pope who was doing that. England and probably America also influenced the situation. Stalin had died, but there was Khrushchov. Khrushchov was the same disaster as Stalin. He wanted to destroy churches totally. He wanted even Russian Church to vanish. And then they managed to make Soviet government agree to discharge our metropolitan. But Soviet authorities ordered him to go to Rome, and not to appear in Lviv. He was staying in Moscow, they let him come there. He was staying in a hotel and he somehow managed to contact Lviv. Perhaps, he sent a messenger or a secret dispatch. And hegumen Vasyl Velychkovskyi came to him. He told him: ‘I have to go to Rome. I thought they would let me to go to Lviv. But they wouldn’t. I’m going to go straight to Rome. But I consecrate you. I give you all sovereignty I got from the Pope to you. You have to conduct underground Greek Catholic Church’.