‘Our mothers helped us. Our mothers spun wool (we had some sheep). And we, kids, knitted gloves, sleeveless jackets, and sweaters; we even made caps for insurgents, caps with ear-flaps. We also gathered herbs, medicinal herbs. It happened that my friend nearly drowned once, because we clambered for some valerian (and the valerian grew right over the river). We clambered. She fell down, and we barely managed to catch her. The river was rather small, but it was autumn, and the river had gathered a lot of water. However, we told our parents nothing. We went to the house nearby, they dried us there. And it ended happily. Maybe, mother may not have scolded, but why are you clambering where you can’t do it? We also gathered food. In our hamlet, we also made presents for insurgents before Christmas. Everybody. No one ever refused to do it. Our mothers baked some biscuits, rich pastry, and we wrapped all that. People wrote what they could: some greetings and good things, as they could. We wrapped that all, making small presents. Somebody used to drive to us and take that from us.’
Nadiya Baydak (Popyk) (1927)
She was born on July 7th, 1927, in the hamlet of Lishnyky near the village of Ilovytsya, Volyn province (now Shumsk district, Ternopil region). In 1936–1941, Nadiya studied at a local primary school. On February 15th, 1943, she joined the OUN-Youth, and headed a subraion (a name of a unit in the structure of the OUN – translator) of its network in the south of Shumsk region later on. In 1944, she was detained by the Soviet state security and released later. Nadiya continued to help the underground. However, she held no leading positions. In August 1945, she was arrested for the second time. She stayed under examination in a prison in the town of Shumsk for three months. She was released because of the lack of evidence. After her liberation, Nadiya moved to the town of Kremenets, where she studied at the girl’s secondary school # 3 and at a medical school. From the early 1950s and up to her retirement, she worked as a nurse at the surgical department of a hospital in the town of Pochayiv. Nadiya lives in Pochayiv.
Local people helping the UPA in Shumsk region, 1943–1944
Questionings in the prison in the town of Shumsk, 1945
‘I entered the investigator’s study. I saw my investigator sitting (he was so tall, thin and humpbacked), and also another man of medium height was there; maybe, he was that Kravchenko. And the investigator didn’t ask me anymore, it was he who was doing it, ‘Who are you?’ Where are you from?’ He started to ask me about insurgents, ‘You were a courier of the sotnik Huk.’ I said, ‘I don’t know.’ But I feared that Kravchenko so much. At heart, I was thinking what I would have answered if he had said to me, ‘Were you a subraion leader of the OUN-Youth?’ How would I have behaved? They knew nothing about me. Then he started to make with me whatever he wanted. I found myself on the floor. Suddenly I spotted high boots next to me. I wondered what kind of high boots they were. Then I got it. Aha, the high boots belonged to the man who had done all that to me. And when I opened my eyes, I heard, ‘Stand up!’ But it felt so good to lie on the floor. Anyway, I thought I had to stand up. ‘Stand up, puppy!’ he shouted loudly. Well, puppy, then. He was lifting me with his feet. I stood up. I wanted to stand up, so I did. After I had stood up, I saw that Kravchenko wasn’t there, just the investigator sitting at the table, and nobody else. I was staring, like a fool. I hardly came to my senses, and suddenly a man, who conducted the prisoners from and to their cells, looked at me and said, ‘Let’s go.’ I came there. ‘Oh, you came on your own feet’, the girls said. They had been waiting for me. They were asking me about something, but I was so sleepy. I was told later that somebody had said, ‘We’ll talk in the morning. Leave her alone. Let her sleep.’ I fell asleep. I wake up in the morning and realized that I could see what was going on only with one eye. Blood was over my right eye, and I could see nothing. And somebody was already leading me for a walk.’