“I met Chornovil in an interesting way. I was released on the nineteenth or seventeenth of February. And on the third day somebody rang the doorbell. A blond man came in. He was rather short and slender. He introduced himself, he said that his last name was Chornovil. I did not know who that was. – ‘I am Olena Antoniv’s husband”. I knew her very well. He came over to find out what I was sentenced for. So this is how I met Chornovil. They started going to Western Ukraine, meeting people. It was already some kind of a movement… But the Bolsheviks were different. They chased after us. Here was a stove, I took it apart. But I saw something there above the stove. There were two little holes. I thought, “I wonder what it is?” I went to the attic and found the exact spot above the stove. I found nothing there. What I saw were wooden fence and some wires. Probably something used to be there. And then I realized that those were means of spying on me.”
Hanna Sadovska (1928)
Hanna was born on March 26th, 1928, in the town of Yavoriv, Lviv province (now Yavoriv district, Lviv region). In the 10th grade together with her parents she moved to Lviv, because her grandmother lived there. In Lviv she studied at a secondary school #34. Later Hanna studied in Lviv Polytechnic University, her major was “Engineer-constructor”. She graduated in 1951. Hanna worked as an engineer in Lviv department of the Kyiv institute “Ukropproekt”. She was a participant of the opposition movement in 1960-1990, a participant of the Ukrainian Helsinki group. She was arrested in 1965 and accused according to the article 62, part 1 of the Criminal Codex of the Ukrainian SSR (“anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda”). In 1966, having spent 5 months in the prison “on Lontskoho Street” in Lviv, Hanna was released and she came back to her previous job. Hanna continued cooperation with leaders of opposition movement, distributed the underground press and a magazine “Ukrayinskyi Visnyk” (“The Ukrainian Herald”). Nowadays Hanna lives in Lviv.
Meeting Vyacheslav Chornovil, the first half of the 1960s
Participation in the Ukrainian Helsinki group, the beginning of the 1970
“It’s hard to say how it looked like. We were informing people, spreading some literature. It was already a human rights organization. The information about all the repressed was collected. We were trying to collect some memories. I had very good memories. I still feel bitter when I think about them. I think that I have to go to the KGB office, I think that they are there. I had five tapes recorded in Uman. I knew Pani Sovrotsova – she was a very interesting person. She was a member of all Ukrainian governments, she was the head of the department of documentation. Governments changed, but some things remained the same. And then she escaped…sometimes I visited her. I recorded five tapes with her help. And I was tempted…a friend of mine wanted to read them. I gave them to him. After some time I told him, ‘Give them back to me’. He said that he already did. I saw that he was lying because I knew that he did not give them back. I suspect that those materials might be in the KGB now, I will have to find out for sure. Now I can go there and find them. I regret losing those tapes. – How was the Helsinki Union created? – Moscow started the whole thing. And then it came to us. At first everything was taken there. Various documents, everything. But I was never a member.